POKER GLOSSARY

12 Colors
In Chinese poker, a clean sweep hand consisting of exactly 12 cards of one color and a 13th of the other.
13 Colors
In Chinese poker, a clean sweep hand consisting entirely of either hearts and diamonds; or clubs and spades.
Aces Up
A pair of aces with another pair. This term can be used with any 2–pair hand, e.g. 7’s up – a pair of 7’s with another pair below 7.
Action
The act of betting, raising, checking, or folding. “Your action” means your turn to act.
Acey–Deucy
When pocket cards are Ace (A), Two (2).
Ainsworth
When pocket cards are Six (6), Two (2).
Ajax
Ace (A), Jack (J), also called foamy cleanser .
Alaska Hand
: See King Crab.
All–In
A player who runs out of table stakes in the middle of a hand is “all in”. Subsequent betting by other players thus results in a side pot. This way, players can never be bet out of a hand simply for running out of money. players who are all in are only eligible for the money in the pot into which they contributed.
American Airlines
Long standing poker nickname for two pocket aces.
Ante
Money placed in the pot by all players before receiving cards. Typically, only stud games require antes.
Assistant
In Big 2, the player who plays immediately before the winner’s final discard. If the assistant fails to play the best possible hand before the winner’s final hand, the assistant must cover the other players’ losses.
Back Door Flush/Straight
So called when both the last 2 cards make a player’s flush/straight.
Back Hand
In Chinese Poker, the backhand is defined as the highest hand of the bottom set in the series of three. Also referred to as the "Big Behind".
Bad Beat
A typically strong hand that loses to an even stronger hand.
Barbara Hutton
Ten (10), Five (5). Comes from the name of the dime store (five and dime) heiress.
Baskin Robbins
Three (3), Ace (A), from the ice cream chain's "31 flavors".
Beer Hand
Seven (7), Two (2).
Bicycle (or Wheel)
A straight to the 5. Example: A ♣ 2 3 4 ♣ 5 ♣ .
Big Bet
Amount of money wagered in the later betting rounds. In $10/$20 Hold ‘Em, the big bet is $20.
Big Blind
The amount that the 2nd player to the left of the button must post before receiving cards. Big Blind is the same amount as the Small Bet.
Big Slick
Ace (A), King (K); also known as Santa Barbara.
Blank
A card on either 4th or 5th Street that is of no value to anyone’s hand.
Blinds
Money used in place of an ante in a flop type game such as Hold ‘Em to initiate action.
Blocky
Six (6), Three (3).
Bluff
The act of betting or raising with the intention of getting someone else to fold a strong hand.
Board
The community cards in flop games such as Hold 'Em. In stud games, the cards dealt face up to each player.
Bully Johnson
Three (3), Five (5).
Bring In
Initial bet. In stud games the player with the lowest card showing on the first round must bring in. (In the event of a tie, the player closest to the dealer’s left brings in.)
Button
Used in Texas Hold ‘Em and similar games to display which player acts first in a hand. The button moves clockwise after every hand.
Call
Wagering the same amount after the original bet has been made. E.g. Player A bets $10, Player B calls $10.
Canine
King (K), Nine (9). Also known as pedigree, mongrel.
Cap
The pot is capped when the last allowable raise has been taken. There is usually no cap during heads up or in tournaments.
Card Set
A group of cards that a player may discard from his hand at once during a round of Big 2.
Check (or Pass)
Neither betting nor folding when play comes to you. You can only check when you’re first to act or placing a bet.
Check/Raise
Checking, then raising, after a player bets.
Clean Sweep
In Chinese Poker, a special hand that automatically wins. Clean Sweep definitions include Dragon, 13 Colors, 12 Colors, 6 Pair, 3 Straights, and 3 Flushes.
Community Cards
Cards that all players may use to make their definitions. Board cards in flop games such as Hold 'Em are community cards. A community card is used in 7–Card stud when there aren’t enough cards left for all players to receive a 7th card.
Crabs
Pocket threes.
Darth Vader
The two black fours ("the dark side of the force")
Dead Card
In stud, a card that has already been seen.
Dead Man's Hand
Ace (A), Eight (8). Legend has it that "Wild Bill" Hickok was holding aces and eights when he was shot in the back by Jack McCall in 1876.
Deuce
A 2 card of any suit.
Dog
A hand unlikely to win the pot.
Door Card
In 7–Card Stud, the 1st exposed card in a player’s hand.
Dolly Parton
Nine (9), Five (5). From the movie 9 to 5 in which she starred.
Down Cards (or Hole Cards)
A player's individual cards that are face down.
Dragon
The highest possible hand in Chinese Poker. It contains one card of every rank.
Draw
Receive a card.
Drawing Dead
Drawing to a hand that can’t win, e.g. to a straight when someone has a flush.
Draw Out
To make the winning hand on the last card or draw.
Eubie
Eight (8), Six (6); supposedly comes from the saying "if you play these you'll be broke".
Pocket Aces.
Family Pot
A pot in which everyone plays and no one folds.
Flop
In Texas Hold ‘Em, the 1st 3 board cards. They’re turned up simultaneously and start the 2nd round of betting.
Flush
A hand consisting exclusively of suited cards, e.g. 2 4 5 8 J .
Fold (or Muck)
To throw away your cards and drop out of a hand.
Forced Bring–In
A mandatory bet; the player facing a forced bring–in can neither check nor fold. Usually used in Stud to start the action on the 1st round of betting by the player with the lowest card showing.
Freeze Out
A stakes structure in which players must buy in for a set amount and may not purchase chips thereafter.
Front Hand
In Chinese Poker, a 3–card hand created from the 13 cards a player is dealt. The front hand must be outranked by the middle hand.
Full House
A hand consisting of 3 cards of one rank and 2 of another, e.g. 3 3 3 ♣ 6 6 ♣ .
Goolsby
Queen (Q), Ten (10).
Gorillas
King (K), King (K) comes from "King Kong".
Gut Shot (or Inside Straight Draw)
Drawing to a straight that needs one of the middle cards to complete it, e.g. if you hold 5 ♣ 6 ♣ 8 9 , any 7 completes a straight inside.
Heads Up
Only 2 players remaining in a hand.
Heinz
Five (5), Seven (7); so called because of the Heinz slogan "57 varieties". Also referred to as pickle man.
Hockey Sticks
Seven (7), Seven (7). Thats what they look like.
Implied Odds
The amount you expect to win if you make your hand, divided by what it will cost you to keep playing.
Jack Benny
Three (3), Nine (9). The old vaudeville and early television comedian had a running gag that that was his age.
Jackson Five
Jack(J), Five (5); from the motown singing group.
Jesse James
Four (4), Five (5). Legend has it that the famous outlaw was shot with a .45.
>Joe Bernstein
Six (6), Nine (9). Named after a famous gambler from the 20's and 30's.
Kicker (or Side Card)
The next card in a hand after a pair or 3–of–a–Kind. 9 9 K 2 ♣ 5 ♣ is a pair of 9’s with a King kicker.
Katy
King (K), Ten (10).
King Crab
King (K), Three (3). So called because the 3 resembles a crab.
Kojak
King (K), Jack (J). Named because it sounds like the old TV show.
Kokomo
King (K), Eight (8).
Limits
The amount of money that can be bet in any round of a game, e.g. $3/$6, $5/$10, $10/$20.
Little Pete
Two (2), Three (3).
Little Slick
Ace (A) Queen (Q) or Ace (A), Two (2): Compare with Big Slick.
Live Card
In stud games, a card not yet seen and therefore possibly still in play.
Loose
A game with a lot of players in most pots.
Lumberman's Hand
Two (2), Four (4). Derives from from "Two–by–Four"
Main Pot
1st pot that all players are eligible for.
Marriage
King (K), Queen (Q).
Middle Hand
In Chinese Poker, one of two 5–card definitions created from the 13 cards a player is dealt. The middle hand must outrank a player’s front hand, and be outranked by the player’s back hand.
Minimum Buy–In
The minimum amount of money that a player can buy into a game for, e.g. in $10/$20 limit, the minimum buy–in is $100.
Missed Blind
When a player sits out and misses a blind, in order to receive a hand, he/she must post both blinds or wait a turn to take the big blind.
Montana Banana
Nine (9), Two (2). Some say 92 is the number of the proposition that legalized gambling in Montana. Others believe its origins come from the idea that bananas will grow in Montana before that hand makes money.
Motown Five
Jack (J), Five (5):     See Jackson Five
Muck
To muck your cards is to discard them without showing them if you are not involved in a showdown at the end of a hand. This allows a player to better protect his strategy so that nobody will be able to see if you were bluffing, or playing a short hand. We have included the option to ‘automuck’ your cards to save you having to select the option each time.
Nuts
The best possible hand.
In a Hold
Em game where 2 ♣ 4 7 9 ♣ are visible, the nuts would be three 9’s.
On the Come
Drawing to any straight or flush.
Open End/Outside Straight Draw
Drawing to a straight that needs either outside card to complete it, e.g. if you hold 5 ♣ 6 7 8 ♣ , any 4 or 9 completes the straight outside.
Open Game
A game in which anyone can play.
Open Pair
An exposed pair in stud.
Open Poker
A game in which some cards are dealt face up.
Open Seat
An empty seat in a game that anyone can sit in and play at.
Overcard
A card higher than any visible card.
Pot Odds
The money in the pot divided by what it will cost you to continue the hand.
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Raise
To increase the amount of the original bet, usually by doubling. e.g. Player A bets $10, Player B raises bet to $20.
Rake
The amount of money taken out of the pot by the house, usually on a percentage with a maximum.
Raquel Welch
Three (3), Eight (8); has to do with measurements.
Redraw
A draw to an even better hand when you currently hold the nuts.
River
The 5th board card in Texas Hold ‘Em or the last card in stud.
Rolled Up
When a player's first 3 cards in 7–Card stud are of the same kind.
Round of Betting
The action sequence in which each player can check, bet, raise or fold.
Scare Card
One which looks as though it may make a strong hand.
Set (or Trips)
3–of–a–Kind.
Showdown
The showing of cards at the end of a hand.
Side Pot
Pot created after a player goes all in. It’s possible to have multiple side pots.
Siegfried & Roy
Two Queens.
Small Bet
1st betting round. e.g. in $10/$20 Hold 'Em, small bet is $10.
Small Blind
Money that the 1st player to the left of the button must post before receiving cards. Small Blind is usually ½ the Big Blind.
Split Pot
A pot split evenly among players with equal definitions.
Straight
A hand consisting of cards of consecutive rank, e.g. 7 ♣ 8 ♣ 9 10 J .
Straight Flush
A hand consisting of suited cards of consecutive rank, e.g. 5 6 7 8 9 .
Street
Refers to a temporal point in the game. In 7–Card Stud, 3rd Street is the 1st betting round on the 1st three cards. 4th Street is the 4th card dealt to each player, etc. In Texas Hold ‘Em and similar games, 4th Street is the 4th board card in the 3rd round of betting.
Surrender
In Chinese Poker, discarding one’s hand from play and removing oneself from the current betting round. A player who surrenders pays each opponent 3 units, but eliminates the risk of greater losses.
Table Stakes
The money that players have at the start of a hand, available for that hand. players may not add money to their stacks, nor bring more to the table while involved in a hand. players may not be bet out of a hand, nor be forced to fold because they run out of money in the middle of a hand: See All-In.
Turn
4th board card.
Twiggy
Two (2), Nine (9); measurements of Twiggy.
Under The Gun
The position of the player who is first to act.
Union Oil
Seven (7), Six (6); comes from the symbol of the oil company.
Up Cards
player's individual cards that are face up in stud games.
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Weinberg
Ten (10), Three (3).
Woolworth
Ten (10), Five (5). Comes from the F.W. Woolworth retail chain: See Barbara Hutton.
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